Wednesday, September 15, 2010

Reading Comprehension II

1. As I have learned in class Greek architecture is built to honor the Gods. Their buildings and temples are built and planned with precision and perfection to pay homage to the Gods. The Greeks built there columns upward and tapered to converge in the heavens. It only makes sense the designs of all the architectural details were based on sacrifices to the Gods. Hersey describes the columns as representing the sacrificial ceremonies. Where the base is the foot tied with the rope or molding, the vertical fillets in column represent the spears for the hint, and of course the capital would represent the head, and the tablature would represent the table where the offerings were placed to the Gods. The Greeks had a way with taking something as literal as a sacrifice to the Gods and abstracting it into an ideal architectural detail like a column, that happened to be the support for a temple that honored a deity.
2. In the story archeologists from the future discover what they think is a large burial site, however to our knowledge we know this place as a motel. Through their horrible conclusions of the artifacts they find, they misread all of the evidence that is right in front of them. Their discovery gets passed on like wildfire even though what they conclude they find is incorrect. This type of situation happens all the time on the internet. Someone misrepresents information and it gets used in papers and passed on continuously. We can stop this by referencing books instead of Wikipedia and other unreliable sources. By using books we know the information is correct because it has to go through many revision processes and is proved truthful.
3. In ancient Egypt women were not treated as equals to men. They were looked down upon and not worthy of a rulers status. However, when Queen Hatsheput took throne she had to change that. Pyramids that Pharaohs built spoke of eternal life and reaching the heavens. They were built at enormous scales as if the Pharaohs were creating there own mountains and becoming closer to their deities. Hatsheput had a very different design to her temple. It is more low to the ground and built up in layers, that had a large set of stairs leading to the entrance. i believe her design represented her moving "up" in society or gaining a political status . her ideas were not so much about eternal life and reaching the heavens but gaining power and respect in her time and society.
4. Although there may be some similarities in physical characteristics of Egyption and Greek architecture. The evolution of designs is very different. Take for example the great pyramids of Giza and the Temple of Hera i. In ancient Egypt the pyramids had one purpose to act as a burial for Pharaohs so they could gain eternal life. The designs of these burials really never developed past the pyramid. Egyptians were not interested in evolving, they had a design that worked and they never changed it over time. Where as the temple of Hera i was constructed and to the Greeks the design of was unfinished. Yes it served its purpose, to honor Hera, however the design needed to change. To the Greeks the columns not perfect and the single row of columns down the center was impractical for displaying statues. Therefore, they evolved the design to strive for the perfect temple to honor Hera. They came up with a design that had columns surrounding the outside, then a collanade inside. Which is two rows of columns allowing the middle of the space to be open. This design gave them the ability to have openness so they could display Hera and she could visible from every angle of the room.
5. In my opinion the furniture of the pharaohs was very light weight because it represented a transient object in a humans life. Where as the pyramids represented eternal life, they would be on Earth forever.
6. In Grecian culture the women were not valued like the men. They were to serve men in any way possible, often times even being enslaved. Greeks often made statues of women symbolizing their enslavement forever. These statues were not to honor them but to show that men had control over women. the urns depict that very well because in both the women are serving the men.

Thursday, September 9, 2010


Over the summer I got the chance to work more with water colors and improve my technique

IAR 211: Process for diagrams

Aedicule: Point

Tuesday, September 7, 2010


Nicole Ware
History and Theory of Design
Patrick Lucas
September 6, 2010
“Architecture, the unavoidable art, why is it unavoidable?” “Because… when u walk into it…. It HURTS!” This is what I have learned thus far in Iar 222. A very good lesson indeed, I have numerously walked into walls or stubbed my toe on them before however, it never crossed my mind that what I was walking into was the unavoidable art that we are studying so diligently in IARc.
As we move through the unit we discover how to look at design and architecture. As good designers we learn to consider how the structure will be affected by the outdoors, or how the outdoors might affect the structure as seen with Frank Lloyd Wright’s Falling Water House. We see by example through natural architects like the nautilus how their designs can withstand the test of time and how they keep living records of their history just as we do, but in a different fashion. Other aspects of design to reflect on as we learn through history are how materials evolve from the simplest like rock and wood to complex materials like glass and steel. Then we observe how those materials revolutionize design and our way of living.
One of the greatest things about design and the history of design is the cross-cultural experience we get from it. We get to learn how the events that occurred in a certain time and place effected the design of that era which then influenced design in the future. An example of cross-cultural exchanges would be textiles from Europe that had influences from the east embedded throughout the design. Materials were a huge factor in altering design that which were also exchanged from different cultures. Starting with some of the basic materials like rock used to make one of the earliest structures, Stonehenge. Rock lead to the invention of simple forms of concrete and from there materials evolved drastically.
A building may be attractive and has a purpose but what if it is not stable? A building must meet all the requirements to be successful. It needs to have commodity or a purpose, firmness, and delight. Without one of them then the building has failed. Buildings also have to be unique and be able to stand the test of time. This is where great designers are defined. Architects like Frank Lloyd Wright, Greene and Greene, Corbusier, Zaha Hadid, and many others pushed the boundaries of design while meeting all three requirements and making there own style. They have inspired young designers to do better and push the envelope more and see where our creativity takes us. Unlike all of the mcmansions we see being thrown up everywhere come from poorly designed and money hungry contractors, who are only interested in spitting out poorly designed houses. They are not concerned with building homes that are unique, sustainable, or sometimes even sturdy. This is why we study those who impact the world with great design so one day we don’t aspire to mass-produce land fill. When we design it should be there for life.
In conclusion, this first segment of class has already inspired me to look beyond what is right in front of my face, it has taught me how to see in many different ways, to search through history, and to evolve. However, the most important is to watch where I walk so I don’t run into the unavoidable art.