Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Portfolio Final IAR211

This project was very helpful because I got a lot of great advice from professors on how to enhance my portfolio and pick the right work.

Monday, December 6, 2010

Reading Comprehension

Les Constructeurs

From Minimalism to post modernism was a large jump for most architects, painters, and designers. However it was also a time to explore color, material, and form. That is what I think the painting Les Constructeurs by Fernard Leger is about. Leger painted this right around the prime of minimalism in 1955. I truly think it depicts the transformation between that mindset of less is more to exploratory views on the arts. For the early 19th century modernism design was not so much about materiality and color and how the two can transform a building or space, but rather was about “the machine” and how that could define that time period. Walter Gropius was one of the founders of the Bauhaus School of Design and he felt that architecture had to be more “socially progressive and responsive to modern needs in industrial design and housing.” (Roth, p.522) He once wrote a description of the Bauhaus program, and he stated, “ The Bauhaus believes the machine to be our modern medium of design and seeks to come to term with it.” Him and many architects of that time believed the same values, but others felt that modern design was too dry and simple and lacked substance. Critics of Minimalism said, “The earnest social utopianism of the original modernism was abandoned, replaced after 1945 by a bland, standardized aesthetic, sleek, machine-like, stripped of traditional ornament.” (Roth, p.567) To combat that architects took a leap of faith into restoring some classical ideas of materiality, color, and form. Venturi, a prominent architect in the late 20th century challenged minimalist architects. He argued, “ was how to create a modern architecture that drew from the structure and materials that advanced modernists had achieved in the early part of the 20th century, while also incorporating ornament and visual references to past, to local tradition, to social practice, and to the users’ received conventional sensibilities.” This quote seems to sum up the painting that I diagramed. It was a challenge to artists to stop using simple techniques and start pushing the envelope to newer more thoughtful compositions, and that is what my diagram depicts. It is a progression from very minimalist to the beginnings of post modernism frame of design.

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

Reading Comprehension 6


The Arts and Crafts style was a period in time that could be seen all over the world. It was an era where hand made items ruled and the use of the machine was not accepted. The style was to embrace natural materials and enhance nature. A home that portrays this style period best is the Gamble House by the Greene brothers. The house pulls in inspiration from local nature like the live oaks of California as well as inspiration from the orient. The Greene brothers took a lot of the design from Chinese and Japanese architecture and created their own style. The home was inspired by nature and looks as if it is growing out of the landscape. This idea was definitely one of the Asian cultures. They embraced nature as an everyday life style and the Greene’s wanted to bring that concept to their design.


(Barcelona Pavilion)

If you honestly think about how we live our lives today, would we be able to manage everything without the technologies we have developed? I’m not saying it is not possible to survive without a cell phone but life, as we know it would be chaotic without it. Our society has come to an age where we have completely accepted the machine as a way of life. In the late 19th century and early 20th century they were just beginning an era where the machine replaced everyday tasks and not everyone was thrilled.

The Bauhaus was the first to say that bringing in the use of machine was ok. Especially if it was the perfect blend of man made and machine made. They also coined the idea that in modern design less is more. A great example of these concepts is the Barcelona Pavilion designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. He had a very minimalistic approach to the design where he used partitions to separate spaces instead of whole rooms. He also focused on the materials he used, where he used the blend of man made and machine. For instance the Barcelona Chairs that are in the space have metal legs that were machine made and meant to look as if they are too thin and light to hold the man made leather and solid looking cushioning. Mies van der Rohe accepted the machine and used it for what he could not create with his hands. He did not solely rely on the machine but embraced it for the technology that it provided him. Many more designers also embraced the machine and that is why today we have the advanced technology that we do. Because instead of impeding the advancement of machinery the majority of people welcomed it and celebrated the products that it gave us.


Page 570 Roth (Douglas House)
I chose the Douglas house because of its stark colors and then I transformed the interior using reds and yellows.

Friday, November 12, 2010

Alternatives Summary

Reading the alternatives points from Anna, Kayla, and Daniel was interesting because before all of them had very different ideas of the reflections unit, but in this one they all had a lot of similarities in what they discussed. Anna went on about the cathedrals and how they shaped the society around them, and then further discusses how basic shapes began to take new forms. Both Kayla and Daniel discussed the same idea about the shapes. Then Kayla went on to talk about the how the Renaissance was a time where design was reflected by society as a whole and how architecture resembles the past but is reflected differently. Daniel also goes on to explain the renaissance and how it revives classical design.

Reflections summary

Reading other people’s responses was an interesting experience. It helped me yto understand that not everyone interprets things in the same manner. Especially when the subject is so subjective. Anna, Daniel, and Kayla all had very different views on the reflections unit. Anna interpreted the unit as being a cycle of life, cleverly tying in a conversation from the Lion King. She talked about how our cycle of life can directly relate to design, which makes a lot of sense. We start off with a set of rules, we eat them up and throw them out, then we find a new source, and eventually the original design comes back around, and the cycle continues. Then Kayla saw the reflections unit being about the actions of a cartwheel. We start in one position (in the box), then we break out of the box and eventually land back in the box, however the box is not completely the same yet still has some similar rules of the first box. Both ways of looking at design are different yet in the end the same concept applies. Daniel also discussed breaking boundaries like Kayla did; however he talked more specifically about one building, the Crystal Palace. He related all the rules and breaking of the rules and how they applied to that specific place. This method really helps to define key points that are in this section. Overall, I found it very helpful to read other peoples interpretations of the reflection unit because it gives me a broader idea of this design period.


Monday, November 8, 2010

Point: Reflections

Cycles are apart of our world, they happen in almost every aspect of our lives. Even in the design world. They begin with a revolution, or a drastic change in the mentality of the people in that time. Change is needed to evolve and transform the way we live. However, as cycles are circular we always tend to revisit the past and develop from what once was the dominant style. We don’t necessarily replicate the past, but rather borrow the rules and ideas of the time period. Even modernism borrows on some concepts of the past, even if it is merely the fact that a wall can define a space, the idea has been thought of and is not revolutionary but has just been revisited to further develop the future.

Take for example Colonial America; we are in a new nation with new precedents, new rules, and endless opportunities to be discovered. The new nation needed a style that would represent firmness, boldness, and strength to show the world that America could stay true to its foundation of democracy. This style would have to look back to the classical world, where architecture was perfected and the idea of order and strength could be symbolized in a column. The best example of colonial America would be Monticello, built by Thomas Jefferson. The design of the building represents the pristine idea of the perfect temple on top of a hill. It takes many of its architectural qualities from classical styles like Palladio. The outside is boasts porticos that take advantage of the beautiful scenery and the top is adorned with a familiar centralized dome. The dome may be a symbol that has been used in the past however it holds new meaning to the American people. Before they were free, they were a repressed nation held under strong jurisdiction from England, but through revolutions and revolts they became a free nation and the dome represented equality for all men. This classical reinterpretation was used all over the young nation to set a new standard of power for the world.

This initiative of borrowing ideas to develop new ones did not just stop with the American Revolution, nor did it start there. In the 19th century not only were they developing new materials like glass and steel but they were also sponging up other cultures. To have worldly items and many of them in fact was the modern thing to do, especially if they were things from the eastern world. The Peacock room in London, England is a prime illustration of the eastern culture influencing the west. In these times design became a game to see who could be more cultured.

In every era there is something new to be discovered. Even if what we see seems familiar, because every small change is a stepping-stone into the prospect of design. We are hoarders of the past looking for new ways to use the old, and we are a cycle that never stops repeating, we only alter it slightly and slowly, but change will come.

Wednesday, November 3, 2010

Reading Comprehension 5


The artifact that I chose was an iron garden chair from the early 19th century. This piece of furniture was revolutionary in its design mostly because of the material it used. It was made out of cast iron, which was produced in a factory, apposed to all of the handcrafted furnishings that had been done in the past. This chair is also part of a revolution because it was made during the reign of Queen Victoria, which in those times gardens were very important. The designs for garden furniture often incorporated motifs from nature like fern patterns.



Artifact: Monet Painting
The eastern influence in Monet’s painting is very apparent. In eastern cultures, especially in China they were very focused on nature and how it affected their daily lives. They worshiped nature through religion and depicted it through art, furniture, and even buildings. Then when this idea reached western regions people thought that if they lived among beautiful things then their life would be beautiful as well. This painting represents not only a beautiful Lilly pond but also a way of life, a life of peace and serenity.

Space: The Peacock Room

The Peacock room is a room with many eastern influences. The ornament in the room is very nature inspired and also defines the different spaces and compartments. The shelving system represents bamboo, which is a very prominent plant in Asia and serves many purposes. In Asian cultures it is customary to respect the things that give them daily needs, so in order to pay respect to these things like bamboo they represent it through ornamentation. Another eastern influence would be the rich colors on the walls. The hue seems to represent the vivid textiles that the eastern cultures use in clothing. Even down to the lighting in this room eastern influences are apparent. I feel that westerners looked to the east to design because they were putting a spin on their own classical designs.

Building: The Royal Pavilion

The pavilion has a very middle- eastern appearance on the outside, with the high ornamentation on the fa├žades and rotundas. The building was also heavily influenced by Chinese and Indian fashions, which can be seen inside and out. It has a very exotic feel but with a mainstream taste.

Place: Green Bank Gardens

The Green Bank Gardens were designed to be like a serene garden of the Chinese culture. It was supposed to be a walled place where one could go and think. It was not for the purpose of recreation at all. It was a serene place that offered balance and centrality, which was the main focus for eastern gardens as well. They were places to enjoy and respect nature while you contemplated the world around you.

Monday, October 25, 2010

Point: Alternatives

Why do we have rules? Most would say because rules create order and if we did not have rules then everything would be chaotic. But then again not everyone follows those rules. Depending on the circumstance sometimes it’s ok to break the rules and break free from the every day norm. I feel that if you have a good understanding of regulations then why not push the boundaries and move forward. If we did not have people like this then in the world of architecture we might still be living under four beams and a roof.

Coming out of the Dark ages people saw light. They wanted to reform design and bring out an age of enlightenment called the Renaissance. During this time designers and architects revived classicism as they saw it. No longer was classical design about temples and gods but it was more for the everyday life. One example would be the Ospedal Innocenti, which was built by Brunalesque. The structure shows rhythm through columns and ornamentation as well as repetition and unity. Although many of the same aspects of classicism remain in the building its low lying form has a more humanistic feel to it rather than the idea of making man feel inferior as many of the classical Greek buildings did. Another important aspect of the architecture in the Renaissance was the fact that separation was important. Not only separation of spaces but also separation of private and public. Palazzo Medici was a prime example of reviving classical design and separating public areas from private. In the design of Palazzo Medici there is a lot of bordering and bounding of the exterior surfaces, this is one way they created space between the different areas. Medici also built the structure upward into three stories to emphasize the disconnection of levels. The design although separated is rhythmic and ruled by the needs of man. Towards the mid 1500’s is where we start to see change in the rules of classical detail. Linear turned into curvilinear. This is evident in the Laurentian Library Vestibule designed by Michaelangelo. In the staircase leading to the library it is detailed with curved lines that push outward secretly breaking the rules of classic design in the subtlest way. It is as if the staircase is spilling out the knowledge that is to come in the future.

From subtle curved lines came movement and action no longer was still life an option. Everything broke out of the box in the Baroque design period. Here is why it was so important to understand the rules of classicism, because if someone had tried to design a building without knowing the restraints and rules of design then everything would have been a chaotic mess. However, designers and architects understood those rules therefore they could break them with great success. Take for example Michaelangelo’s David, sculpted during the revival of classicism. It was beautiful in its simplicity, but very restrained. It was like David was in this box that he was forever encased in. Then Came along Bernini and he decided to break David’s box and give him life and movement. Baroque was about theatricality and dramatic light. One of the best examples of the Baroque time period is the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles. The design incorporated dramatic lighting through gilded statues, crystal chandeliers, mirrors, and floor length windows. The space was a living stage. The same design aesthetics were present in the Rococo period as well. Although I feel they emphasized ornament and feminism more than Baroque. One example of Baroque would be Amalienburg. It has a very simple exterior however; the interior is quite a theatrical surprise. It has a delicate encrustation of silver filigree from wall to wall and mirrors adorn the interior. I feel that in this time period people lived by the words of Shakespeare, “ All the worlds a stage and all the men and women merely players.”

Through the ages we have developed ideas and a set of rules that correlate with these ideas. However, the people who break those rules are the ones that will be remembered in the end. They are the people who said, “screw reform” and revolted to come up with their own set of rules. Many do not succeed but those who do will write the books for the future.

Monday, October 18, 2010

Reading Comprehension 4

3. When I was coming up with the design for the Palladian floor plan and listening to the music at the same time, I kept thinking about centrality and symmetry. If you listen to the music carefully it has a great repetition to it that if you were to draw the music out it would seem symmetrical. This is where I developed my plan from, I wanted to take a square then divide that square up with a circle, so no matter which way you folded it you would always end up with the same rhythmic patterns.

4. Before you can break the rules first you must know them. In the Baroque period I feel that they knew all the rules of classicism and then turned them upside down in the most theatrical way possible. In times where classicism ruled, everything stood still with little movement, it was all about repetition and everything being symmetrical. However, this design atheistic faded when people like Bernini turned classicism on its head. Instead of having all his lines be straight and linear he decided to push the boundaries outward and introduce curvilinear lines that flowed and had movement. His statue of David is a great example, where as Michelangelo’s David is captured in a very erect manner, Bernini’s has movement and emotion. This is why the Baroque period is considered theatrical, no longer is staging beauty an option, this time period is about being in the moment and depicting action as it happens. Light also plays a huge role in the Baroque period. Light was used to enhance the beauty of the curves and enhance the contrast of the negative spaces. A great example of light play would be in the Hall of mirrors at Versai. The interior is gilded with gold statues and crystal chandeliers. The light comes in through the southern exposure that is adorned with a massive wall of windows, and then the light proceeds to bounce off the mirrors and reflects onto the statues and chandeliers. Creating the most magnificent lighting affect throughout the entire interior. This space captures a fluidity of movement through ornament, contrast, and light. An art critic of the Baroque era, Heinrich Wolffin, writes, “[the baroque's] greatest achievement, revealed a completely new conception of space directed towards infinity: form is dissolved in favor of the magic spell of light”. I feel that this quote defines Baroque and eloquently states the intent of the theatrical essence of the time period.

Friday, October 15, 2010

Wednesday, October 6, 2010


Foundations, the starting point to any structure. Whether it is a pyramid, temple, or a cathedral, they all have to start from the bottom up. I feel that this unit has shown us where certain designs began in one dominating culture and then over time spread to different areas of the world. And in their travels to their new sites they found innovative design changes and also adapted to their own cultural aesthetics and needs.

It all started in Ancient Egypt where pyramids began to rise in honor of the great pharaohs. They used methods of stacking to reach great heights to symbolize an entrance into the divine world. Pyramids were the man made mountains signifying power beyond measure. However it was not until places like the Palace of Knossos or Hypostyle Hall were erected that designs changed. Instead of having places where one person was honored and sent into the after life for eternity, they made divine places where people could come have a religious and mystical experiences. Here is where the first columns were introduced. Like the pyramids the columns were enormous to signify power of the Gods and making man feel powerless under their presence. They also introduced the idea of axial progression in designs.

From Ancient Egypt grew the Era of Greece, and with Greece came great change. The Acropolis in Athens Greece is an excellent example of design evolution. Here we see many aspects of design like repetition, contrast, emphasis, harmony, balance, proportion, and unity all within one area. Here many of the foundations for architecture were born. For example, the columns went through great change in just one place. In the Parthenon Ionic columns ornamented the outside, and although the illusion of the columns is supposed to be perfection in reality they are not. They tilt somewhat and if you were to stretch them upward they would eventually converge. The Grecian people designed every aspect of the buildings even the flaws. From the precision of the Greeks came the progressive Romans.

In Rome, it was somewhat of a melting pot of ideas and a revival of Greek architecture, but at the same time the Romans made many advancements in architecture. One of the most important was the invention of the arch. With the arch now one of the most used structural elements the column got pushed from being a structural element to being decorative, as seen in the Coliseum. With the combination of stacking layers and the use of the arch the Coliseum was able to reach great heights and width. The arch was a stepping-stone to the dome, which was one of the greatest achievements in Rome. The dome lead to many advancements in design especially for the Cathedrals during the Gothic period.

The cathedrals were a main point in this era because not only did the fulfill their religious purpose they were also a puzzle piece to many designs around the world. One of the earlier cathedrals, Salisbury had some of the main design concepts that followed through in all of the other cathedrals at that time.

The importance of culture and architecture goes hand in hand. Designs travel not only from place to place but they survive and develop through centuries. Even today we see many of the classical designs from ancient Greece and Rome still present in many buildings. They may not be replicas but the basis of classicism has revolutionized design and inspired new techniques for building in a modern world.

Friday, October 1, 2010

Reading Comprehension 3

1) The amazing thing about architecture is that it is universal; someone starts a style and as move farther away from the styles origins we see how different cultures interpret it. Take for example the cathedrals built between 1200 and 1500. Many of them started with a simple design and as the design moved to different cultures it developed and transformed to meet the needs of that certain culture.

The Salisbury Cathedral is a great place start to comparing differences in designs. It is one of the earlier cathedrals that we had to compare. It was built in 1220 and completed in 1228. The landscape around the cathedral is very suburbia like. It has low lying cityscape and plenty of open space. The architecture plays around with different volumes. It has modest height throughout most of the cathedral except where the crossing tower is. The tower sores above the main part of the building towards the heavens, and can be marveled from clear across the landscape. Standing 404 ft tall it is the tallest spire in all of England. Inside the cathedral boasts beautiful stained glass to achieve a heavenly experience, vaulted ceilings, and clerestory windows to enhance the natural flow of light.

However different, the Amiens Cathedral has many similarities to the Salisbury Cathedral. Like Salisbury it has an axial progression through the nave, it also shares the same vaulting for structural purposes. One of the main differences would be Amien’s surroundings. It is more of a city area and has to be built up rather than spread out over a more open space. So in this case due to the culture and the surrounding area the design had to transform to fit its environment.

Although the Florence Cathedral is in more of a city than Salisbury it still has a design that is spread out and has one major point (the dome) that is much higher than the rest of the cathedral and towers over the city. It also shares the same ornamental ceiling that Salisbury has. Another similarity between them would be there floor plans, although Salisbury has more nooks and crannies, the two cathedrals have cross design, obviously demonstrating the religious purpose of the cathedrals.

In Germany another cathedral has been erected, the Cologne cathedral. Being in Germany it has more of a bold style to it. In Salisbury the cathedral has flying buttresses for structural support but they are not a prominent feature in the design, whereas on the Cologne Cathedral they are very prominent and a major part of its massive structure. Like Salisbury it has vaulted ceilings and also towers over its surroundings with its two spires.

Even with all of the slight variations in design the purpose of all of these cathedrals remains the same. They are all built for people to come and have a religious experience, one where they have sense of being in heaven with all of the ornate and beautiful details.

2) Life in the renaissance changed drastically. No longer were people concerned about details and ornament. It was a minimalist style where the bare necessities took center stage.

In the drawing the woman seems to be preparing a stew of some sort in the kitchen area. Because function was the only essential need, there were no comforts. The floor and the walls are bare because decoration was not a need to survive. Stone walls and wooden floors usually made up the construction of these residences. The solid materials offered protection to the families. The Great room was where most of the activity took place in the house. It was where the fireplace was (which is supposed to be the center of life, everything was done around the fireplace) they slept here, had events and gatherings, and also ate in here. The room was divided from the rest of the house with partitions usually constructed of wood. If there was any decoration in the house it was in the great room, usually on one wall hung a tapestry that told some kind of tale.

Life was all about amenities and how to survive with a minimalist approach. As long as they had warmth, food, and a place o gather with family and friends the people of the renaissance could live happily.

Wednesday, September 15, 2010

Reading Comprehension II

1. As I have learned in class Greek architecture is built to honor the Gods. Their buildings and temples are built and planned with precision and perfection to pay homage to the Gods. The Greeks built there columns upward and tapered to converge in the heavens. It only makes sense the designs of all the architectural details were based on sacrifices to the Gods. Hersey describes the columns as representing the sacrificial ceremonies. Where the base is the foot tied with the rope or molding, the vertical fillets in column represent the spears for the hint, and of course the capital would represent the head, and the tablature would represent the table where the offerings were placed to the Gods. The Greeks had a way with taking something as literal as a sacrifice to the Gods and abstracting it into an ideal architectural detail like a column, that happened to be the support for a temple that honored a deity.
2. In the story archeologists from the future discover what they think is a large burial site, however to our knowledge we know this place as a motel. Through their horrible conclusions of the artifacts they find, they misread all of the evidence that is right in front of them. Their discovery gets passed on like wildfire even though what they conclude they find is incorrect. This type of situation happens all the time on the internet. Someone misrepresents information and it gets used in papers and passed on continuously. We can stop this by referencing books instead of Wikipedia and other unreliable sources. By using books we know the information is correct because it has to go through many revision processes and is proved truthful.
3. In ancient Egypt women were not treated as equals to men. They were looked down upon and not worthy of a rulers status. However, when Queen Hatsheput took throne she had to change that. Pyramids that Pharaohs built spoke of eternal life and reaching the heavens. They were built at enormous scales as if the Pharaohs were creating there own mountains and becoming closer to their deities. Hatsheput had a very different design to her temple. It is more low to the ground and built up in layers, that had a large set of stairs leading to the entrance. i believe her design represented her moving "up" in society or gaining a political status . her ideas were not so much about eternal life and reaching the heavens but gaining power and respect in her time and society.
4. Although there may be some similarities in physical characteristics of Egyption and Greek architecture. The evolution of designs is very different. Take for example the great pyramids of Giza and the Temple of Hera i. In ancient Egypt the pyramids had one purpose to act as a burial for Pharaohs so they could gain eternal life. The designs of these burials really never developed past the pyramid. Egyptians were not interested in evolving, they had a design that worked and they never changed it over time. Where as the temple of Hera i was constructed and to the Greeks the design of was unfinished. Yes it served its purpose, to honor Hera, however the design needed to change. To the Greeks the columns not perfect and the single row of columns down the center was impractical for displaying statues. Therefore, they evolved the design to strive for the perfect temple to honor Hera. They came up with a design that had columns surrounding the outside, then a collanade inside. Which is two rows of columns allowing the middle of the space to be open. This design gave them the ability to have openness so they could display Hera and she could visible from every angle of the room.
5. In my opinion the furniture of the pharaohs was very light weight because it represented a transient object in a humans life. Where as the pyramids represented eternal life, they would be on Earth forever.
6. In Grecian culture the women were not valued like the men. They were to serve men in any way possible, often times even being enslaved. Greeks often made statues of women symbolizing their enslavement forever. These statues were not to honor them but to show that men had control over women. the urns depict that very well because in both the women are serving the men.

Thursday, September 9, 2010


Over the summer I got the chance to work more with water colors and improve my technique

IAR 211: Process for diagrams

Aedicule: Point

Tuesday, September 7, 2010


Nicole Ware
History and Theory of Design
Patrick Lucas
September 6, 2010
“Architecture, the unavoidable art, why is it unavoidable?” “Because… when u walk into it…. It HURTS!” This is what I have learned thus far in Iar 222. A very good lesson indeed, I have numerously walked into walls or stubbed my toe on them before however, it never crossed my mind that what I was walking into was the unavoidable art that we are studying so diligently in IARc.
As we move through the unit we discover how to look at design and architecture. As good designers we learn to consider how the structure will be affected by the outdoors, or how the outdoors might affect the structure as seen with Frank Lloyd Wright’s Falling Water House. We see by example through natural architects like the nautilus how their designs can withstand the test of time and how they keep living records of their history just as we do, but in a different fashion. Other aspects of design to reflect on as we learn through history are how materials evolve from the simplest like rock and wood to complex materials like glass and steel. Then we observe how those materials revolutionize design and our way of living.
One of the greatest things about design and the history of design is the cross-cultural experience we get from it. We get to learn how the events that occurred in a certain time and place effected the design of that era which then influenced design in the future. An example of cross-cultural exchanges would be textiles from Europe that had influences from the east embedded throughout the design. Materials were a huge factor in altering design that which were also exchanged from different cultures. Starting with some of the basic materials like rock used to make one of the earliest structures, Stonehenge. Rock lead to the invention of simple forms of concrete and from there materials evolved drastically.
A building may be attractive and has a purpose but what if it is not stable? A building must meet all the requirements to be successful. It needs to have commodity or a purpose, firmness, and delight. Without one of them then the building has failed. Buildings also have to be unique and be able to stand the test of time. This is where great designers are defined. Architects like Frank Lloyd Wright, Greene and Greene, Corbusier, Zaha Hadid, and many others pushed the boundaries of design while meeting all three requirements and making there own style. They have inspired young designers to do better and push the envelope more and see where our creativity takes us. Unlike all of the mcmansions we see being thrown up everywhere come from poorly designed and money hungry contractors, who are only interested in spitting out poorly designed houses. They are not concerned with building homes that are unique, sustainable, or sometimes even sturdy. This is why we study those who impact the world with great design so one day we don’t aspire to mass-produce land fill. When we design it should be there for life.
In conclusion, this first segment of class has already inspired me to look beyond what is right in front of my face, it has taught me how to see in many different ways, to search through history, and to evolve. However, the most important is to watch where I walk so I don’t run into the unavoidable art.

Tuesday, August 31, 2010

Reading Comprehension

1.) Armani 5th avenue is a great example of functionality meets form meets aesthetically pleasing. The buildings purpose or commodity is a high fashion retail store. The design displays all the rich products in pristine lighting and striking displays. The store definitely exudes high fashion and draws that consumer into the stunning space. The building being on 5th Avenue in New York City had to undergo some strict building codes and therefore is structurally sound. The delight comes from the head turning sculptural staircase. This staircase is undeniably not your run of the mill flight of steps. It is unique yet it still performs its purpose while being aesthetically pleasing at the same time. From the basic structure of the store down to the products on the shelf, Armani 5th avenue exemplifies good design, commodity, firmness, and delight.
2.) In this textile some of the eastern influences can be seen in the use of the flowers. A lot of Eastern design comes from nature and religious views having to due with their affinity for nature.

3.) As American’s our sense of personal space has expanded over the years. We tend to like more space to feel comfortable and not crowded. However I do think we make exceptions for certain circumstances, like our space in Ferguson. Yes we are very close together and our personal bubble may be encroached upon but we put up with it. Although this space is poorly designed we can learn from it. We know that the chairs are tightly packed into the room to optimize the capacity that fits in the space, but to make people feel more comfortable the chairs should be spread out a little more and the acoustics of the room need to be adjusted so hearing is easier.

4.) When I think about something happy I feel that it has to work harmoniously in all of its aspects. It also has to be able make its occupants happy. If someone walks into a place and immediately feels somber than the architect has not done his job, but when someone walks into a building and immediately feels like they could be happy and make great memories under its roof than happiness has been achieved. The quote I chose exemplifies finding happiness in architecture ”The ancient Greek philosopher Epictetus is said to have demanded of a heart broken friend whose house burnt to the ground, If you really understand what governs the universe how can you yearn for stone and pretty rock?” He was heart broken because the place where he made memories and lived his life had just vanished. It is not wrong to feel something for an inanimate object especially if it held part of you in it. My example for a piece of happy architecture would be the Riegelsville Inn, it is a place where I worked over the past two summers. It is a place where even the staff is happy to be in its presence. Warm and full of history many memories have been made in its walls and many good times have been shared over its tables. It may not be the greatest or most famous piece of architecture, however it is truly happy.

Tuesday, May 4, 2010

Reading space

A nice cozy place to be and curl up with a cup of coffee and immerse yourself in story. Surrounding myself with color and passion.

Wednesday, April 28, 2010


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A first of it's kind a Space Lotus is a flying shuttle car suitable for space travel and can hover on Earth. Enjoy the ultimate Space experience with the most luxurious shuttle on the market. Standard; Leather interiors, mahogany dashboard, Mp3 player, 17 inch macbook pro touchscreen, coffee maker, cooler, duel cooling and heating system, constellation and planet maps... this shuttle covers your every need and more.

Monday, April 26, 2010



This project went through many phases for me... not all were great experiences. I discovered not only that some colors are offensive and that you can't have a skylight when there is a structure over top of your space... however, it was a learning experience none the less. My first attempt at the studio was very underdeveloped and I scratched the ideas I had and started from ground zero. I started to research and look into my clients taste rather than my own and what I came up with was a blend of a comforting home with warm hardwood floors and a splash of modern with bright pops of color and modern appliances and furniture. Not all may like the design but you can't please everyone the most important thing is, is that you please your client.